Caesar Cipher Algorithm Program in C

Today we will learn the Caesar Cipher Algorithm Program in C with output & explanation. Ceaser Cipher is also named as shift cipher, Caesar shift or Caesar's code.

For example, if entered key is 2 then characters will be replaced by 2 characters down to it. Like, A will be replaced by C, B by D and so on. Below image show shifting of characters by key value 2.
Ceasar Cipher Algorithm Character Shifting - Encryption - C Program

Encryption & Decryption of a letter x by a shift n can be described mathematically as below.
Caesar Cipher Algorithm Encryption and Decryption modular arithmetic equation

/*Caesar Cipher Program in C*/

int main(void){

int key;
char plainText[101];
        int i=0;
int cypherValue;
char cypher;

printf("Please enter the plain text you want to encrypt: ");

fgets(plainText, sizeof(plainText), stdin);

        printf("\nPlease enter key: ");

        printf("\nThe ciphered text is : ");
while( plainText[i] != '\0' && strlen(plainText)-1 > i){
cypherValue = ((int)plainText[i] -97 + key) % 26 + 97;
cypher = (char)(cypherValue);

printf("%c", cypher);

Please enter the plain text you want to encrypt: HelloWorld
The ciphered text is: JgnnqYqtnf

Post a Comment